Formed by volcanoes approximately 9 million years ago, Cappadocia, in the Anatolian region of Turkey, had it's human beginnings around 1200 - 500 BC as Hatti settled by the Hittites. After the fall of the Hittites, the land changed hands often, occupied by the Persians, Armenians, and Romans. During the Roman Era, the vast landscape of Cappadocia became home to early followers of Christianity fleeing religious persecution. Around 300 AD Cappadocia became an important monastic center with great churches sculpted into the soft volcanic rock bearing elaborate paintings of biblical tales created by the early Byzantine artists. This region, and the development of Göreme in particular, became an integral part of the development of Christianity. Cappadocia even appears in the Bible in the book of Acts 2:9 with Cappadocians being named as one of the groups to hear the gospel account from Galileans. Cappadocia is truly a fascinating region so important to the chronicle of humanity with parts being named UNESCO world heritage sites in 1985. There is so much history to be discovered, be it exploring high in the cliffs of the ancient cave dwellings or adventuring down into the dark network of underground cities with pathways hundreds of feet below the ground, you'll be sure to be left in awe.